Dental Braces - Corrective Treatment for that Wonderful Smile
There is not one person on this earth who does not want to have a good smile or is envious of one. Even though many people secretly covet to have a perfect smile not everyone is blessed with one naturally. Many people suffer from crooked and misaligned teeth that affect their smile. But, luckily, modern day dentistry offers solution in the form of Dental Braces that helps correct problems of alignment of the teeth and helps provide a wonderful smile to people suffering from such problems.
But, what exactly is a Dental Braces?
Dental Braces is the device that an orthodontist (specialist in placing dental braces) places in the mouth to help bring about changes in the alignment of the teeth. The effect of dental braces is obtained by the application of forces that causes changes in the supporting bone of the teeth thus changing the position of the teeth as is desired.
Who Should Get Dental Braces?
Many people think of dental braces as a fancy that has caught on wherein people wear these devices even though they do not have crooked teeth. But, one should remember that it is not only people who have crooked teeth but also many other cases wherein dental braces will be the treatment of choice.
One of the most common instances wherein a person needs to go in for braces is malocclusion. Malocclusion is the term given to disturbances in the way the upper and the lower teeth are aligned with each other. In cases of malocclusion, the upper teeth are placed way too forward or backward in relation to the lower teeth and will need correction with braces to bring it to normal alignment.
Another instance when braces are needed even though the teeth are not crooked is when there is a bite problem. Some of the bite corrections that need to be treated with braces include deep bite (the lower front teeth are totally getting covered by the upper teeth) and open bite (the upper and lower front teeth do not meet at all).
Some habits like thumb sucking, lip biting, lip sucking, tongue thrust swallowing, etc will create jaw problems and problems with alignment of the teeth. These too will need corrections using dental braces.
Different Types of Dental Braces
There are many different types of dental braces. The type of brace that is used will depend on the type of correction required. It will also depend on the orthodontist's choice and on the patient's needs.
While simple malocclusion problems and habit corrections can be treated using removable appliances, more complex movement of individual teeth will need the use of fixed dental braces.
The most common type of dental brace in vogue is the metal brace. These will have metal brackets placed on the surfaces of each individual teeth and will be connected to one another by the use of a metal wire. Force on the teeth will be applied by the use of elastics to help bring about changes in the alignment.
As metal braces are not so esthetic, it has been replaced by the use of plastics or ceramic. These invisible braces also do the same function as that of the metal brace but are not visible. This makes them more acceptable than the metal braces.
Another alternative that orthodontists use to gain wider acceptance of treatment is the use of a lingual brace. But, these braces cannot be used in every instance and not every practitioner is adept in the use of these braces.
Another type of a removable brace is a brace made of clear plastic known as Invisalign. These braces are highly acceptable as they are not visible at all. These are also convenient to wear as the person can remove the braces during eating and for other maintenance. But, these cannot be used for the correction of all types of malocclusion.
Before beginning on the procedure to provide any type of dental brace, the orthodontist will prepare study models and take x-rays to determine the type of correction that needs to be made to bring about alterations to the alignment of your teeth. This study will also help determine the type of brace that suits best for your treatment.
Once initial study has been completed, the orthodontist will schedule the procedure during which the appropriate brackets will be bonded onto the teeth and the wires placed. As is required, the dentist might advise the use of elastics or might avoid it for some period of time for you to get used to the device.
Whatever might be type of dental brace, follow-up treatment is very vital for orthodontic corrections. In each follow-up visit, the orthodontist will undertake the necessary corrections or changes to the device in place.
Maintenance of dental braces
In order to achieve good results, the device will need to be maintained properly. You will be given strict instructions about brushing, flossing and alterations to eating habits that you will need to follow. You will also be advised not to take any carbonated drinks or smoke for the entire duration of the treatment as it can cause problems to the teeth and to the brace in place.
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