Principles of Landscape Gardening

Making you dream garden

Coming home to your own little spot of garden is like having a piece of "green" paradise in your backyard. All forms of building need some form of garden to make the space in tune with nature. The garden could take on any shape and form. For the fast-paced urbanites, the garden could be the 1 to 2 pots of bonsai arrangement by the window. There are more high-rise buildings that are into roof top gardens and grassless gardens.

The wonderful thing about having your own garden is that you can just sit and absorb the peace emanating from the garden. Your garden does not have to be professionally done. You don't have to plant exotic and very expensive plants and flowers to have a nice garden. You don't have to split your nails and break your back in order to maintain a garden as there are plenty of low-maintenance plants available for the weekend gardener.

If you are planning on creating your own garden, it is best that you know some basic principles of landscape gardening. Although there is no need for a crash course in landscaping in order to put up a garden it is still best to know the basics so as to build an aesthetically pleasing and calming garden.

For the landscape architect, landscaping would mean the design of the physical locations and development of the site's flora, fauna, contour and elevation, drainage, the location of structures and fences and other man-made objects and structures.

For the weekend gardener, landscaping would mean planting plants and flowers, installing water structures and light fixtures.

Types of Gardens

There are different types of gardens. Gardens can be grouped according to the type of flowers you plant; gardens based on usage and garden based on styles. Based on flowers and of plants, you can have a rose garden, cactus garden, herb and vegetable garden. Based on styles you can have a rock garden, Chinese, Japanese garden, an English formal garden and more. Based on usage there is the butterfly garden, a botanical garden, a roof garden, a greenhouse and more.

Whatever type of garden you prefer, wherever you want to put up your garden, whoever will reap the benefits of the garden, knowing the basics in landscape gardening is a plus.

Basic Principles

Avoiding Mistakes

Remember that mistakes can be avoided from the start. Note that you cannot fit a large object or garden component in a small area. This goes to say that you cannot insist on putting a small water fountain in the middle of an expansive field.

When choosing the plants to be grouped together in the garden, consider the mature height of each plant. You cannot group a baby fir tree with a bunch of shrubs. In no time at all, the fir tree will grow and dwarf the bushes. There are homeowners opting to plant bamboo plant by their deck because of its Zen-like appeal. Most of these homeowners fail to realize that the bamboo plant grows so fast their decking could be torn by new growths that shoot up overnight.

Stop grouping small plants together. These plants' mature height would basically be equal and that would leave you with a garden full of small shrubs here and there. The effect would be cluttered and cramped.

Your goal is to create a perfect (almost) relationship in the width, length, depth and height among all the plants and objects in your garden.

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