Building a Water GardenIn the Chinese art of Geomancy (Feng Shui) there is nothing more ideal that having a source of moving water in your house or out in the garden for the perfect balance of ying and yang. However even without adhering to the principles of Feng Shui a water garden can drastically transform your landscape and the ambiance of your outdoor living areas. Water gardens have the ability to add beauty and tranquillity to your landscape for you to enjoy, relax and unwind.
A water garden are also called aquatic garden. The term water garden is encompassing for it could refer to a backyard pond, a fishpond or an ecosystem garden pond with waterfall, a pond-less waterfall or a decorative multi-layer fountain tucked in the deck or in the garden or any source of waterscape that is integrated to the landscape.
Choosing the Right Water Garden
There are numerous types of water garden or water features that you can integrate in your landscape or inside your home. A water feature can be a small tabletop fountain or a container water garden, or a fish pond or a large man-made lake in the middle of a park. There are a few types of water features that you can use for a water garden.
Fountainscapes are decorative features that you can incorporate in your garden. They can be in the form of small tabletop fountains, stand-alone fountains, container water gardens, spitters and bubbling urns and other fountains that need a direct supply of water and current to operate. Stand alone fountains are gaining popularity among apartment dwellers and compact residential homeowners as it's an easy and effective way to have a water garden. Container water gardens are also a very good option for indoor water garden or as an accent piece on a flower garden. Spitters and bubbling urns are perfect features to add to your landscape. These are quite large and have to sit over a direct water line for the feature to "spit" and "bubble" out water. The water is re-circulated by the use of a small pump. These water features are an inexpensive way to create a water garden.
"Pondless" Waterfall is a water feature that has a waterfall sans the pond. You can enjoy the beautiful elements of a natural waterfall without the hassle of maintaining an actual pond. You can build the waterfall against a garden wall using natural stones. Add some marginal plants and your waterfall without a pond is all set. You need a pump for water to circulate and re-circulate. You could turn the motor pump off during the night to save energy. This water feature for a water garden is generally easy to maintain.
An Ecosystem fishpond is your best option if you care to help Mother Nature provide food and shelter to the wildlife in your garden. This is not to say that your garden will open up to virtually every kind of animals (tame or wild). The ecosystem pond encompasses the birds, butterflies, algae, bacteria and fishes that thrive in such set up. You need a pond, man-made or otherwise to start an ecosystem pond. The major elements of the pond are: a pump for the circulation of water to help oxygenate it. A filtration system that includes both mechanical and biological filters. A biological system includes plants that can remove excess nutrients from the water. Excess water nutrients are feeds for algae. Plants will also provide the surface area for the good bacteria to adhere to and propagate. A mechanical filter will free the pond water of unnecessary debris to prevent the accumulation of organic matters on the pond's basin. Fish and aquatic plants are the necessary components of an ecosystem fish pond. What good is a fish pond if there are no fishes? Aquatic plants are necessary to act as biological filters and as a source of nutrients for the good bacteria that thrive in the pond as to help oxygenate the water. Rocks and gravel are essential to a fish pond too. The small gravel would do well as pond flooring while the larger rocks can line the pond. The rock and gravel can absorb the UV breakdown and provide surface area for the good bacteria to process and eliminate excess nutrients in the water.
Building a Pond
The first thing that you should consider when building a pond is to decide on its location. The allotted space would dictate the size of the pond to be built. The next consideration is whether you want a water garden pond or a koi pond. A water garden pond is your basic ecosystem pond where you can put in some goldfish and water plants. A koi pond limits the amount of aquatic plants to be put in the pond as they eat the plants. A regular water garden pond is ideally 600mm deep while a koi pond needs to be 900mm to 1500mmdeep.
There's no need for you to dig and slave to build your pond as there are pond kits available in the market. Pond kits are available from sizes that could hold up from 850 litres gallons of water up to an impressive 49,000 litres. An 850 litre- fish pond is about 1200mm by 1800mm by 450mm deep.
Fish and Aquatic Plants
Options for fishes are limited to goldfish and koi. Under goldfish are varieties such as: Sarassa Comets, Comets, Red Fantails, Shubunkins, and Calico Fantails. For koi fish butterfly and normal fin koi are ideal too.
Aquatic plants are numerous. There are floaters, marginal plants and underwater plants that you purchase for your water garden. The plants are maintenance-free. If your pond has the necessary components such as the fish, plants and filter system, maintaining it would be a breeze.
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