Fire Alarm - Types and Categories
Initially, fire alarm systems are designed to detect any element associated with fires. The system likewise monitors changes within an environment including risks and potential hazards. Generally, the equipment is classified into several categories and types. There is the automated system and the manually activated alarms. Moreover, the systems are used by both homes and businesses to notify people of existing emergencies as well as to notify emergency forces for help and aid.
Fire protection in homes and businesses normally includes reference to established goals and procedures. The levels of protection are usually defined by local fire authorities even insurance agencies and building codes. In installing alarm systems, there are a number of components that have to be followed. There are also standards applied when it comes to equipment's installation.
Manual and Automated Fire Alarms
Manually activated devices are normally placed near exits for easy identification. On the other hand, automatically activated equipment respond to any identifiable, physical change within an environment, including heat and smoke. Changes associated with fires like gases, sometimes employ other initiating devices such as heat detectors, flame detectors and water-flow detectors.
Alarm categories in the United Kingdom are also determined in accordance to application and type. The preference for said equipment varies, as fire alarm systems tend to differ in price. From small enterprises to multi-occupancy buildings, systems are now available, therefore meeting every need and demand. Prospective buyers can also choose between a single panel with sounder/detector and an addressable alarm.
System categories in the United Kingdom comprise of three types. There are systems designed to protect life (L), property such as buildings (P), and also, a category identifying manual systems (M). Examples of M (manual systems) would be hand bells, gongs and the like. The equipments used are either manual or manual electric, like in the case of call points and sounders. The purpose of this equipment is considered limited, given its reliance on users. More so, the ideal places for manual systems would be office buildings and establishments.
Fire Alarm Categories
The P category refers to systems installed throughout office spaces and building premises. The objective of said equipment is to urgently notify fire authorities in times of emergencies. In addition, the category speaks of early detection and provision of firefighting equipment in areas, covering both low and high risks.
The L category, meanwhile, is divided into five sub-categories. The L1 and L2 category systems refer to protection of life, with aims of providing earliest possible warnings. The L3 and L4 category systems are designed for early detection of emergencies and mostly cover escape routes and fire exits. In this system, the goal is to warn all building occupants of fire situations and ensure safety immediately. On the other hand, the L5 system category applies to other situations not specified in the other categories, like the extinguishing systems present in computer rooms.
The application of fire safety also means identifying proper safety equipment. Installation and maintenance of devices in businesses is also different as compared to procedures applied in homes and residences. Remember to install your safety device appropriately, and if you are unsure of safety standards, the next best thing is to consult fire authorities for reference.
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